- February, 2020
- 26.02.2020 The number of British people who vape is on the rise
- 17.02.2020 Vaping shown to be not as dangerous as tobacco
- 04.02.2020 Are e-cigarettes safer than the papers report?
- January, 2020
- 28.01.2020 Vaping is better for hearts than smoking
- 20.01.2020 E-cigarettes linked to helping large numbers of smokers quit
- July, 2019
- 25.07.2019 San Francisco: Are E-cigarettes Banned Soon?
- 16.07.2019 Fighting the E-cigarette: A School in Nebraska is Testing Students for Nicotine
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- April, 2019
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- March, 2019
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The vaping population makes up just over 7% of the UK population. This makes it one of the most popular products to aid the quitting of smoking. It is mainly used by people between the ages of 35 - 54 with a smaller proportion of younger people using it.
The numbers for this study were compiled by the Ash charity, and they are pretty much in line with the worldwide figures. About 31% of the people who vaped in the poll said they used vaping in order to quit smoking.
A professor at King’s College who researches tobacco addiction commented that while vaping still has risks, it has much lower risks than smoking which has an annual death toll of 100,000 every single year in the UK.
In the USA there have been some potential vaping related deaths, due to the lung illness which has killed almost 10 people. There have been over 400 reported cases of this illness, on top of the deaths.
The CEO of Ash said that the cases in the USA were obviously a worry, but the main link appears to be the use of vaping to consume drugs. There have been no UK cases where there are regulations in place, whereas in the USA there are no regulations at the moment.
Because of this it shouldn’t be seen as a way for vapers to be worried into smoking again. As long as vapers use legitimate products and don’t use them to consume products that are not regulated then vapers will be significantly safer than if they were smoking.
Of the vapers that were included in the poll almost 15% said that they continued to vape because they enjoy it. Slightly fewer people said they did it because it was cheaper than smoking. Just under 1% of the people said that they had never smoked in their lives, but the overall majority of them said they just started to see what it was like.
With vaping now becoming the most popular method for smokers to quit, the survey found that more than one third of people who smoked had never tried using an e-cigarette. The head of the survey said that she felt it was the right time to give it a try in order to fully quit smoking.
Because vaping has been shown to be highly effective when it comes to helping people to quit smoking, this research should back up the point that vaping is one of the best ways to stop smoking for good. It also backs up previous research which reached similar conclusions.
The study showed that over a six month period the number of toxins and carcinogenic chemicals inside the subjects body was significantly lower when they had switched to vaping as opposed to continuing to smoke.
E-cigarettes were also shown to have similar results to nicotine patches in terms of the reduction in harmful chemicals in the body.
It’s hoped that the results of this study will help to alleviate some of the doubts surrounding vaping as an aid to quit smoking.
Previous studies that have put vaping on the same level as smoking have been shown to be inaccurate by this latest study.
This new study also backs up the view from Public Health England that vaping is 95% less harmful than smoking.
What was also shown that people who were unable to completely move away from smoking cigarettes still had a large amount of harmful chemicals in their body.
The lead author of the study said that it proves that vaping and other nicotine replacement therapies are much more safe to use than smoking. It means that by using these products to stop smoking people are keeping themselves safer than if they were to continue smoking.
The study has shown that the toxins from cigarettes begin to leave the body when making the switch from cigarettes to vaping. It also shows that previous studies that used simulations rather than real test subjects had returned false results. This means vaping is much safer than previously thought.
The results of the study are important to people who want to quit smoking and want a safer alternative. What the study also showed was that the level of nicotine that vaping provides is actually at a similar level to smoking a cigarette, not higher like previously thought.
The study was funded by Cancer Research meaning that it was independent. The study itself contained three groups. Smokers, smokers using nicotine replacement such as vaping and people trying to quit with nicotine replacement and smoking at the same time.
The nicotine replacement group had levels of toxic chemicals lower than the smokers groups by up to 97%.
There was also a very small difference between the smoking group and the group that vaped as well as smoked.
This shows that the presence of harmful toxins are due to the use of cigarettes and that using e-cigarettes to quit smoking helps users to reduce the levels of harmful toxins in their bodies.
A director from Cancer Research said that this study is very important when it comes to reducing cancer rates not just in the UK but around the world. More than 30% of all smoking deaths are caused by cancer, so by reducing those toxins in means that the number of those deaths can also be reduced.
The study also proves that vaping is much less harmful than smoking and shouldn’t be demonised in the way that they have. The ability to quit smoking by using a less harmful alternative should be encouraged, not fought.
Many other people within the field of cancer research have called the study groundbreaking. They feel that it will go on to help a large number of people to quit smoking now that they know vaping is much safer. What it also does is show that vaping isn’t as dangerous as many people have claimed, it actually offers a lot of benefits to smokers, especially in terms of reducing the number of toxins in their bodies.
A researcher at Oxford said that this study is a positive, but it shouldn’t be the end. There should be more studies carried out in order to prove conclusively that e-cigarettes are a positive aid in the fight against smoking. The evidence should be stacked as high as possible in order to combat anyone who claims that vaping is just as dangerous as smoking.
They also said that cigarettes are one of the most deadly products on the planet. While e-cigarettes are not 100% safe, when compared to the alternative they are by far the best choice to make.
A director with Public Health England commented that e-cigarettes are a positive step towards getting people away from smoking and can help to reduce the level of risk they are under.
He also said that while it should not be seen as a good choice for non-smokers, vaping is one of the most effective methods available when it comes to quitting smoking. Switching to an e-cigarette is one of the best ways to get rid of the smoking habit and it will be one of the best things a smoker can do for their health.
Although they weren’t involved with the study the vaping industry also commented on the news. They said that they were happy that finally research is coming out that tells the truth about vaping. It can be a positive step towards making the world smoke free. This new study could help many people reduce their risk of harmful diseases and should be made clear by as many health groups as possible.
A lot of the hysteria surrounding e-cigarettes seems to have come from the USA at the moment. There was a big spike in Evali during 2019 which lead to the deaths of 34 people. While this is in no way a positive thing, it must be taken in context. Every single year there are 8,000,000 deaths from smoking related illnesses. E-cigarettes may have some dangers associated with them but to discount them as a method to quit smoking cigarettes is a dangerous step to take.
One of the biggest things to come out of the report about the Evali outbreak in the US was that more than 85% of the sufferers had smoked marijuana in the months preceding their illness. This link could be behind the outbreak being localised to the US at the moment.
News has come out since that confirms the use of THC oil was likely to have had a big impact on the Evali outbreak. While it hasn’t been 100% confirmed at this point, it is the most likely reason behind the outbreak which shows that it wasn’t vaping itself that caused the Evali.
Smoking is a much bigger danger
What many people who want to ban e-cigarettes, or at least regulate them more severely, fail to realise is that e-cigarettes are the lesser of two evils. Cigarettes kill millions each and every year, e-cigarettes are a valuable tool when it comes to quitting smoking. By limiting the access to this tool it means that more people are consigned to a life of being unable to quit smoking.
With the NHS backing a study that says e-cigarettes are 95% safer than regular cigarettes, it means that in the UK the health care system realise how useful vaping van be when it comes to attempting to quit smoking.
The studies do show that vaping isn’t a 100% safe activity. It still contains a number of toxins and if users decide to use a nicotine juice then it will also contain nicotine. However, it has also been shown to contain a similar level of toxins as standard NRT products.
The bonus that a vape has over a nicotine patch for example is that it still gives the feeling of smoking to users, which is often a big part of the habit in addition to the addictive nicotine. Although using e-liquid that has a nicotine base will mean that addiction continues, vaping instead of smoking is still significantly safer.
Vaping around the world
There are other countries that have put strict regulations in place in order to make it more difficult to get a hold of an e-cigarette. Even though there have been no reports of Evali outbreaks, e-cigarettes have still been demonised. Many people believe this is the work of tobacco corporations, but there is no proof of this claim. The biggest news that is coming out about e-cigarettes is that as they close in on ten years of use there has been no link to disease in the same way that cigarettes have shown.
Using vapes to quit smoking
One of the biggest issues that has come of the latest reports on e-cigarette problems is the way the news has spread amongst users. The reports will have decreased the confidence in vaping which in turn could lead to an increase in the number of smokers again. This means that although vaping is still not 100% safe, the alternative of continuing to smoke is a much more dangerous choice to make.
Over the years many people have found that outright banning products was not the right move to make. Banning products just means that they go underground where there is zero regulation and that is when the real trouble starts. It’s a much better solution to regulate e-cigarettes in a safe manner in order to keep helping people to stop smoking.
There is data that shows over a decade around half a million people will have quit smoking in the UK through using e-cigarettes. It means that since the introduction of e-cigarettes the number of people who smoke has fallen by a significant margin.
There are a lot of different ingredients in e-liquid. The majority of the ingredients are harmless and are just there to add some flavour. However, there are some minor carcinogens in there are as well as nicotine. This is why they are not a risk free alternative, but a lower risk alternative.
In their current form vapes are unlikely to offer a zero risk alternative to smoking, but what needs to be found out is if the levels of toxins that are in e-liquids are high enough to be harmful. The clear point that should be made is that at the moment, e-liquids contain around 0.1% of the number of dangerous toxins as cigarettes.
Many believe that because the long term impacts are still unknown it would be best to ban e-cigarettes, the danger of driving people back to cigarettes is too great a risk to take. There is a lot of evidence out there that backs up the belief that vaping is the most effective method to quit smoking. Because of this it would be foolish to remove this method.
While there are other methods out there to help people quit smoking, it’s important not to limit the number of methods that are available. The more ways that are available for people to use in their battle to stop smoking, the better it is for their chances of being a success. If we want to remove smoking from our lives for good, then we shouldn’t turn away a willing ally, especially one that has proven to be as useful a e-cigarettes have.
While the study does not say that vaping was safe, it did confirm that it was a better option for your health than smoking. This was backed up by the BHF who said that quitting smoking would help your heart in a positive way.
The main issue for your heart in regards to smoking is that it closes up your arteries which massively increases your chances of suffering a heart attack.
While there had previously been very small amounts of research done on vaping and the heart, this new study was carried out in order to fix this problem and to find out how vaping impacted the heart when compared to smoking.
The study checked how the arteries and blood vessels reacted in smokers, non-smokers and vapers in order to gather enough data to offer definitive advice.
It found that the more than arteries and blood vessels were able to stretch, the more healthy they were. This level of health is linked to staying safe from having a heart attack or stroke. The results from the study showed that smokers have by far the worst level of expansion in their blood vessels with 5.5%. Non-smokers had the best with 7.7% and vapers who had quit smoking for a month and switched over to vaping had a score of 6.7%.
This shows that there is a level of improvement in heart health just from a month of quitting smoking and moving over to vaping.
What the study didn’t show is if the vapers would ever be able to get their heart health back to the same level as non-smokers. This is because the study was just for a month and this isn’t long enough to see if the heart could return to its previous levels, or if vaping would in fact still offer some levels of reduction in heart health.
While it was shown that being a non-smoker is the best method of keeping your heart healthy, it also showed that vaping is significantly better for you than smoking. So while quitting everything altogether would be the best course of action, if vaping is the only way to quit smoking then it’s the lesser of two evils.
Vaping hasn’t had all good press since it became a more mainstream activity. Just last year a teenager in the UK almost died after vaping caused a big issue within his lungs.
However this is an isolated case and the dangers of vaping are proven to be significantly lower than smoking. Starting vaping if you’re a non-smoker is definitely something you should avoid, but given the choice between vaping and smoking there is only one winner.
This is something that is backed up by the BHF, who think that smokers should quit using any method that works for them.
A professor at Nottingham University commented on the study, saying that he believes it shows that vaping is an effective method of quitting smoking and offers a safer alternative. The study shows that vaping does less harm than smoking does, which makes sense due to the lower levels of toxins in the vapour.
Usage increases in smokers and ex-smokers
In a new study it has been found that using e-cigarettes as an aid to quit smoking helps as many as 70,000 people each year to drop the habit.
The study, that was carried out by the UCL, looked at the impact that using an e-cigarette could have on the success of someone who was attempting to quit smoking.
The data used for the research went back almost 15 years in order to have the widest data set possible. It used the Smoking Toolkit in order to collate its data, which was a regular survey that is carried out in England.
The study found that when e-cigarettes were introduced to the mainstream public the number of successful people quitting smoking increased. This means that there is a correlation between the use of e-cigarettes and being able to quit smoking successfxully.
After an initial jump in number of users, the numbers started to even out around 2015. This also led to a flattening of the success rate for people trying to quit.
The data covers a 12-year period starting in 2006. They studied the data of more than 50,000 people who smoked and they found that over that time there are up to 70,000 people who had managed to quit who wouldn’t have been able to if they had never discovered e-cigarettes.
The researchers looked over a number of different factors when analysing the data, more than just the access to e-cigarettes.
The lead researcher for the study said that this provides new evidence to help back up the belief that e-cigarettes can be a positive force in the battle to quit smoking. She also said that at the moment there is the right level of control placed over e-cigarettes, both in terms of marketing and regulation.
She also said that the study found that despite media hysteria there were very few users of e-cigarettes who had never previously smoked.
Although the study shows that e-cigarettes helped with quitting smoking, there is still a question mark about how harmful vaping is in the long term. Because they have been around a short while, there is no data on long term impacts on health.
Just last year there was an outbreak of lung conditions that have been associated with the regular use of e-cigarettes.
A spokesman from Cancer Research commented that e-cigarettes are still too young for the true impact of them to be known. They know that there are risks involved with using them, but at the moment the true long-term risks are a mystery. What they do know is that they can help with quitting smoking and despite the risks associated with vaping the research that’s out there suggests it’s still not as damaging as smoking.
He also added that anyone who is attempting to quit smoking should visit the website run by the NHS that’s dedicated to supporting people on their journey.
The San Francisco Inspectorate approved the amendment to the Act regarding tobacco products and their distribution. Electronic cigarettes are not only included, but are explicitly pointed out, because the devices are responsible for an increasing epidemic of vaping among youths.
Another vote will take place next week to finalise the legislative changes. Only when this has been voted upon will these changes come into force. However, regulators also expressed their concern about the potential impact on smaller companies. It is therefore intending to establish a working group to complete the action successfully.
Study: Consumption of E-cigarettes has Risen among AdolescentsA recent study by the Center for Control and Prevention of Diseases in the US found that around 4.9 million high-school and middle-school students vaped 2018 — the year before this number was just about 3.6 million. The CDC Director, Robert R. Redfield, declared that the country must protect children from a health risk which is easily avoidable.
He also said that the big increase in e-cigarette consumption among young people undermines the progress in downsizing young people's tobacco use. A whole new generation is in danger of becoming addicted to nicotine.
Can the Ban Keep Teenagers Effectively Away from Vaping?Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, a professor at Stanford University who studies how e-cigarettes affect young people, could not say with any certainty whether the ban would impact consumption behaviour in adolescents. While welcoming this specific measure, it is only one step towards solving the problem. In many ways, the ban is also a clear message sent out to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
In 2018, the FDA turned to e-cigarette manufacturers and asked them to stop selling their products to minors. This applied to both the appliances and the aromatised vaping products.
A spokesperson from the FDA said they were anxious to continue tackling escalating e-cigarette use amongst minors. This includes restricting adolescent access and attractiveness for flavoured tobacco products; measures against manufacturers and retailers illegally marketing or selling them to minors; and educating young people about the dangers and risks of e-cigarettes and other tobacco products.
The Juul Company’s View on the City’s BanJuul, a San Francisco based e-cigarette company, considers vaping as a healthier alternative to smoking tobacco and claim to have taken steps to discourage children and teenagers from using their products. The US company stated that it has made its online age verification process safer and closed its Facebook and Instagram pages as well to stop marketing to people under the age of 21.
The company pointed out that the ban on e-cigarette products could not effectively counteract the general consumption. Rather, this would harm the adult smoker, for whom the classic tobacco cigarette is now the only option. Regarding that risk, it should be remembered that tobacco products — even still today — killed around 40,000 people in California each year.
Juul said that a ban on e-cigarettes and related products does not necessarily prevent use by minors.
The action in San Francisco now provides a stage for the campaign for the e-cigarette. Juul had already donated $500,000 to the Coalition for Reasonable Vaping Regulation.
The US company also said further that they will continue to focus on providing smokers with a good alternative to tobacco cigarettes, with experts agreeing that e-cigarettes are far less harmful than regular cigarettes because not all carcinogenic by-products are included.
Research is still in its infancy and long-term studies regarding possible damage and consequences are still ongoing. However, there is already some evidence that vaping is a less harmful alternative to tobacco for many smokers. It is therefore more than possible that a ban on the electronic cigarette could prove rather counterproductive, since many people could return to the classic tobacco cigarette, which never should be the outcome. It is obvious that an educational campaign especially for adolescents could be more effective than prohibition and bans.
To counteract this trend, the school administration is taking drastic measures: From autumn this year, all students taking part in after-school activities will be subjected to random nicotine tests. This should apply to those students who participate in working groups such as sports or music.
Stephen Grizzle, the headmaster of Fairbury School, said it was a huge problem. It was very starry-eyed to assume that the students did not consume e-cigarettes. He also said that he wanted to create a school where there were no harmful substances. This measure should help the students to make the right decisions.
Increase in E-cigarette Consumption among StudentsSmoking is a general problem, but vaping is currently very prevalent. The district and the school serve a rural community with about 3,900 inhabitants in the southeast of Nebraska. The Board of Education approved the new Nicotine Testing Directive in the past month.
This action shall be seen as a proactive measure. Punishing the children is not the intention, they simply want to give them an incentive to avoid nicotine.
Smoking is prohibited in all areas and in any form on the school premises. But it is now expected that the tests will also affect the consumption of nicotine outside the school.
According to health experts, the rise in consumption of electronic cigarettes in Fairbury is a sign of a nationwide epidemic of a vaping youth.
A survey from 2018 by the Disease Control and Prevention Center discovered that more than 3 million high school students and approximately 570,000 middle school students were familiar with the use of e-cigarettes. The authors of the study attributed this to the popularity of Juul brand e-cigarettes, which resemble a USB stick. The advantage of these products is that they can be used discreetly. In addition, there are many different flavours and this also appeals to teens.
How Should the Nicotine Test be Carried out?Every month, 20 to 25 children from Fairbury are randomly selected to undergo a nicotine urine test, said Headmaster Grizzle. If it turns out that nicotine has been consumed, the affected student will be suspended from participating in extracurricular activities for ten days.
In the event of a repeated incident, the student may be suspended for 45 days. In addition, they will be required to undergo examination at they own expense by a certified drug counsellor or a licensed psychiatrist. For a third offence, the student will not be allowed to participate in extracurricular activities for 12 months.
Grizzle said that vaping is not only unhealthy, but also violates the law. Therefore, young people should not be able to buy these products. In addition, students will focus more on the lesson when they were no longer concerned with when and where they can vape.
Many states in the US have already made attempts to stop adolescents from using e-cigarettes. At least a dozen US states have raised the minimum age to 21 for buying tobacco products. E-cigarettes are legal in Nebraska for consumers above 18, but legislations aim to raise it to 19 years.
Teenagers and E-cigarettes in the US
Dr. Sharon Levy, who is a paediatrician as well as the head of the program for substance use and addiction of adolescents at the Children's Hospital of Boston, stated that most adolescents don’t know how hazardous vaping can be.
The scientist stated that nicotine was included in e-cigarettes. But the difference lies in how nicotine is delivered. According to Levy, it is possible to consume a higher dose faster. When vaping, the teenagers are mainly taking nicotine, but the devices could also be filled with marijuana.
Juul, a popular brand among the youth, can be used to consume high doses of nicotine. Levy stated it was also problematic because it is not yet known how nicotine in e-cigarettes could affect an adolescent's brain in the long term.
In addition, smoking is costly and has numerous cosmetic disadvantages, such as an unpleasant odour, the accumulation of cigarette butts in ashtrays, and the discoloration of teeth, curtains and wallpaper, in addition to the ongoing social ostracism.
There are now electronic cigarettes that can facilitate the transition to a smoke-free life. But is the consumption of e-cigarettes really the ideal solution at the end? Is vaping and the inhalation of heated liquid chemicals better than the use of classic tobacco products? The Director of Clinical Research at the Johns Hopkins Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Heart Disease, Michael Blaha, recently stated that:
Nicotine derived from tobacco is heated in the e-cigarette. Flavours and other chemicals that generate vapour are added and substances are inhaled during vaping.
Truth #1: Vaping is less damaging than smoking traditional cigarettes
A traditional tobacco cigarette contains around 7,000 chemicals, many of which are highly toxic. It is not yet known which chemicals are contained exactly in the vapour of the e-cigarette. Nevertheless, Blaha said there was no doubt that e-cigarette vapour contains less harmful chemicals than the classic tobacco cigarette.
The main chemical in regular cigarettes and e-cigarettes is nicotine. This is a neurotoxin that can make you addicted. Those who ignore nicotine cravings can experience withdrawal symptoms. Nicotine is also toxic because it raises blood pressure and increases adrenaline levels. This results in an increased heart rate, which raises the risk of heart attack.
Truth #2: Vaping is still harmful to your health
There are still many unknown factors, including the question of what the vapours contain and whether these substances have long-term health effects. Blaha said that people need to understand that e-cigarettes are potentially harmful to health.
Truth #3: E-cigarettes are just as addictive as classic tobacco cigarettesElectronic cigarettes and classic tobacco cigarettes both contain nicotine. According to up-to-date research, the neurotoxin can be just as addictive as the illegal drugs cocaine or heroin. Blaha said that many e-cigarette consumers consume more nicotine than smoking a tobacco cigarette, either by buying liquids with higher nicotine levels or by increasing the tension to inhale more nicotine.
Even though they are advertised as a smoking cessation aid, e-cigarettes have not been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for this purpose.
Truth #4: E-cigarettes are not the best way to quit smoking
A recent study revealed that the majority of those who wanted to get rid of their addiction by using e-cigarettes, still continued to smoke both tobacco cigarettes and e-cigarettes.
Truth #5: A new generation is addicted to nicotineE-cigarettes are far more popular than any other tobacco product. In 2015 the US Surgeon General reported that student e-cigarette consumption had increased 900%, and 40% of young e-cigarette consumers had most likely never tried conventional tobacco products.
Blaha pointed to three reasons why e-cigarettes are so attractive, especially to young people. Firstly, many adolescents believe that vaporising is far less damaging than smoking. Secondly, e-cigarettes are much cheaper than regular cigarettes. The third thing that makes vaping so attractive to young people is the variety of available flavours, such as apple pie, vanilla and watermelon.
Another reason for so many people switching to e-cigarettes is that there are no unpleasant odours. Without the smell, vaping reduces the negative stigma of smoking.
Blaha added that he was especially troubled by the fact that even people who have never smoked use e-cigarettes. This is especially noticeable in adolescent groups.
It's one thing to switch from smoking to vaping to fight addiction, Blaha said. However, it is something completely different if the first time someone consumes nicotine is via vaping. Among other issues, this could lead to future consumption of traditional tobacco issues which might not have been started without the vaping factor.
When it comes to comparing vaping to smoking, it is necessary to understand the function of the evaporator. E-cigarette devices run on battery power, heating liquid that releases nicotine. The use of e-cigarettes, or "vaping", is gaining ever greater popularity, especially among younger customers. But even long-term smokers see the chance to drop their vice by using an electronic cigarette. Furthermore, vaping is attractive to many people due to the many flavours and tastes such as fruits, chocolate, caramel, etc.
Even former smokers are switching to e-cigarettes in large numbers, as it’s touted as a safer and healthier alternative to smoking. Currently, numerous studies are being conducted on vaping, but the possible long-term health effects are unknown.
Possible Health Consequences of VapingThe chemicals contained in e-cigarette vapour enter the lungs and, according to recent studies, affect the airway and lung function. However, these studies show that e-cigarette vapour contains fewer toxic chemicals compared to the smoke of traditional tobacco cigarettes.
It should not go unmentioned that e-cigarettes can have a negative impact on cell viability, depending on the dosage and flavours added to the liquids. This aspect and its effects have received less attention in the investigations so far and it has not been taken into consideration whether fruit flavours or other flavours have been added to the liquid.
A New Form of StudyPulmonary surfactant can be defined as a mixture of proteins and lipids which line the lung alveolar region. The surfactant layer’s overall function is to lower the alveolar fluid’s surface tension, thus reducing the breathing function and preventing the collapse of the alveolar fluid.
Surfactant is crucial for the function of the lung. Premature babies born without a surfactant experience shortness of breath and must be treated with an exogenous surfactant. Furthermore, the pulmonary surfactant comes into contact with all particles during inhalation, including those from the vapour of an e-cigarette.
The research aimed to understand if the vapour of e-cigarettes influences the ability of the surfactant to minimise the tension on the surface.
The study used a surfactant model of the surfactant extract from calf lungs: Infasurf, which is also used in the medicinal treatment of preterm babies. In the test series, Infasurf was used to compress the surfactant. Thus, the lung function could be imitated, and the surface tension measured.
It was then observed how the surfactant changes when exposed to clean air, the vapour of e-cigarettes with different flavours and the smoke of conventional tobacco cigarettes. Using different flavours was crucial as a change in aroma could alter the chemical makeup of the e-cigarette vapour.
Vapour of E-cigarettes and Crucial Lung FunctionThe study showed that the vapour of e-cigarettes, regardless of the flavour, has no effect on the surfactant's ability to reduce the tension of the surface. In contrast, the ability of the surfactant to lower the surface tension in a significant way is inhibited by traditional cigarettes.
Thus, e-cigarette vapour does not affect the surfactant’s function because the e-cigarette ceases to vaporise but does not burn. However, minor changes in the surfactant may appear following e-cigarette exposure. It can also lead to shifts in the surface tension when a higher dosage of vapour is supplied.
E-cigarettes are Not as Harmful as Traditional TobaccoE-cigarette vapour does not alter the ability of the surfactant to lower surface tension but does affect its microstructure. However, while e-cigarettes don’t affect the surfactant as much as conventional cigarettes, the observed absence of changes in the surfactant function after consumption of electronic cigarettes should not be perceived as non-existent toxicity to the lungs. It is not yet known if e-cigarettes could affect production or secretion of cell surfactant.
Numerous studies are still needed to assess the effects of vaping on the production, secretion and function of surfactants and to understand the pulmonary toxicity of electronic cigarettes.
Nevertheless, these initial studies and tests show that the e-cigarette is considerably less harmful than classic tobacco cigarettes. This gives new hope to millions of smokers to take their first steps into a healthier life with the e-cigarette.
In the study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, nearly 900 people who smoked and wanted to quit were split into two random groups. The first group received NRT (nicotine replacement therapy), which is mostly a combination of nicotine patches with drugs of shorter effect such as nicotine gum, inhalers or mouth sprays. The second group received an e-cigarette with a refilling function and one or two bottles of liquid to learn how to handle the device.
The participants in the e-cigarette group were motivated to buy more liquids with flavours and the nicotine strength of their choice. During the first month of the study, the two groups also received help and support.
Making the switch can be difficult, especially for long-term smokers. They often feel bad for quite some time and suffer from withdrawals. They are often irritable and have a bad mood. It is noticeable that the group using e-cigarettes noticed less of these specific symptoms compared to the group receiving the nicotine replacement therapy. They also said that e-cigarettes helped them and satisfied them. On the other hand, the participants found that e-cigarettes and NRT were not as satisfying as classic cigarettes.
The vaper could benefit from the advantages of the e-cigarette. At the end of this one-year study, the group that consumed e-cigarettes was nearly twice as abstinent as those using the NRT.
A Huge DifferenceAt the time the study began, participants in both groups used their substitutes almost daily. In the course of the study period, however, a big divergence became obvious. Around 40% of smokers who were assigned to the e-cigarette group still vaped after one year, whereas only 4% of the control group continued to use their replacement product with NRT treatment. In the e-cigarette group, the number of people who did not smoke for one year was 80%. Only 4% of NRT participants managed to stay smoke free for a year.
In both groups, there were also smokers who were not able to stop completely. But after all, there were participants in both groups who could reduce their tobacco use by at least 50%. However, their share was higher in the e-cigarette group (13%) compared to the NRT group (7%).
Could vaping have a negative impact on health when practiced over a long period of time? This question still needs to be answered. Scientists assume that the risk of vaporisation compared to smoking amounts to approximately 5%. In a study that ran for two years, no impact on health was found.
Many heavy smokers have succeeded in quitting their vice by vaping. Even former smokers who have been able to stop using NRT can reduce the risk of relapse by using e-cigarettes. The longer use of the e-cigarette also ensures that withdrawal symptoms are mitigated. So, the person affected is less irritated and does not gain so much weight.
Another aspect to consider is that some smokers actually like to smoke, and vaping can help them to continue experiencing this pleasure.
Of course, ex-smokers continue to consume the neurotoxin nicotine when they switch to e-cigarettes. However, nicotine does not have the biggest negative health effects. The most serious damage is caused by the chemicals released by the combustion of the tobacco. It appears that nicotine replacement products such as nicotine gums, nicotine sprays and nicotine patches have little or no long-term adverse health effects, but smoking can cause premature death in about half of smokers in their middle ages.
In order to obtain more accurate results and to assess the long-term effects of vaping on health, it is necessary to continue to observe the study’s participants. With the data on the long-term vapers, it is then possible to determine the consequences and the recidivism rate more accurately. Until then, doctors can advise their patients that there is evidence that vaping can help with smoking cessation.
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