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San Francisco: Are E-cigarettes Banned Soon?

San Francisco at the west coast of the United States may become the first major city in the USA to ban e-cigarettes. The city authorities voted in favour of this measure, referring to the rising consumption in young users. The ultimate decision is expected in the upcoming week.
The San Francisco Inspectorate approved the amendment to the Act regarding tobacco products and their distribution. Electronic cigarettes are not only included, but are explicitly pointed out, because the devices are responsible for an increasing epidemic of vaping among youths.
Another vote will take place next week to finalise the legislative changes. Only when this has been voted upon will these changes come into force. However, regulators also expressed their concern about the potential impact on smaller companies. It is therefore intending to establish a working group to complete the action successfully.
 

Study: Consumption of E-cigarettes has Risen among Adolescents

A recent study by the Center for Control and Prevention of Diseases in the US found that around 4.9 million high-school and middle-school students vaped 2018 — the year before this number was just about 3.6 million. The CDC Director, Robert R. Redfield, declared that the country must protect children from a health risk which is easily avoidable.
He also said that the big increase in e-cigarette consumption among young people undermines the progress in downsizing young people's tobacco use. A whole new generation is in danger of becoming addicted to nicotine.
 

Can the Ban Keep Teenagers Effectively Away from Vaping?

Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, a professor at Stanford University who studies how e-cigarettes affect young people, could not say with any certainty whether the ban would impact consumption behaviour in adolescents. While welcoming this specific measure, it is only one step towards solving the problem. In many ways, the ban is also a clear message sent out to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
In 2018, the FDA turned to e-cigarette manufacturers and asked them to stop selling their products to minors. This applied to both the appliances and the aromatised vaping products.
A spokesperson from the FDA said they were anxious to continue tackling escalating e-cigarette use amongst minors. This includes restricting adolescent access and attractiveness for flavoured tobacco products; measures against manufacturers and retailers illegally marketing or selling them to minors; and educating young people about the dangers and risks of e-cigarettes and other tobacco products.
 

The Juul Company’s View on the City’s Ban

Juul, a San Francisco based e-cigarette company, considers vaping as a healthier alternative to smoking tobacco and claim to have taken steps to discourage children and teenagers from using their products. The US company stated that it has made its online age verification process safer and closed its Facebook and Instagram pages as well to stop marketing to people under the age of 21.
The company pointed out that the ban on e-cigarette products could not effectively counteract the general consumption. Rather, this would harm the adult smoker, for whom the classic tobacco cigarette is now the only option. Regarding that risk, it should be remembered that tobacco products — even still today — killed around 40,000 people in California each year.
Juul said that a ban on e-cigarettes and related products does not necessarily prevent use by minors.
The action in San Francisco now provides a stage for the campaign for the e-cigarette. Juul had already donated $500,000 to the Coalition for Reasonable Vaping Regulation.
The US company also said further that they will continue to focus on providing smokers with a good alternative to tobacco cigarettes, with experts agreeing that e-cigarettes are far less harmful than regular cigarettes because not all carcinogenic by-products are included.
Research is still in its infancy and long-term studies regarding possible damage and consequences are still ongoing. However, there is already some evidence that vaping is a less harmful alternative to tobacco for many smokers. It is therefore more than possible that a ban on the electronic cigarette could prove rather counterproductive, since many people could return to the classic tobacco cigarette, which never should be the outcome. It is obvious that an educational campaign especially for adolescents could be more effective than prohibition and bans.

Fighting the E-cigarette: A School in Nebraska is Testing Students for Nicotine

The administration of Fairbury Junior-Senior High School in south-eastern Nebraska noted an alarming rise in the consumption of e-cigarettes by their students. According to the school, students are vaping in toilets, locker rooms and elsewhere within school facilities.
To counteract this trend, the school administration is taking drastic measures: From autumn this year, all students taking part in after-school activities will be subjected to random nicotine tests. This should apply to those students who participate in working groups such as sports or music.
Stephen Grizzle, the headmaster of Fairbury School, said it was a huge problem. It was very starry-eyed to assume that the students did not consume e-cigarettes. He also said that he wanted to create a school where there were no harmful substances. This measure should help the students to make the right decisions.
 

Increase in E-cigarette Consumption among Students

Smoking is a general problem, but vaping is currently very prevalent. The district and the school serve a rural community with about 3,900 inhabitants in the southeast of Nebraska. The Board of Education approved the new Nicotine Testing Directive in the past month.
This action shall be seen as a proactive measure. Punishing the children is not the intention, they simply want to give them an incentive to avoid nicotine.
Smoking is prohibited in all areas and in any form on the school premises. But it is now expected that the tests will also affect the consumption of nicotine outside the school.
According to health experts, the rise in consumption of electronic cigarettes in Fairbury is a sign of a nationwide epidemic of a vaping youth.
A survey from 2018 by the Disease Control and Prevention Center discovered that more than 3 million high school students and approximately 570,000 middle school students were familiar with the use of e-cigarettes. The authors of the study attributed this to the popularity of Juul brand e-cigarettes, which resemble a USB stick. The advantage of these products is that they can be used discreetly. In addition, there are many different flavours and this also appeals to teens.
 

How Should the Nicotine Test be Carried out?

Every month, 20 to 25 children from Fairbury are randomly selected to undergo a nicotine urine test, said Headmaster Grizzle. If it turns out that nicotine has been consumed, the affected student will be suspended from participating in extracurricular activities for ten days.
In the event of a repeated incident, the student may be suspended for 45 days. In addition, they will be required to undergo examination at they own expense by a certified drug counsellor or a licensed psychiatrist. For a third offence, the student will not be allowed to participate in extracurricular activities for 12 months.
Grizzle said that vaping is not only unhealthy, but also violates the law. Therefore, young people should not be able to buy these products. In addition, students will focus more on the lesson when they were no longer concerned with when and where they can vape.


Teenagers and E-cigarettes in the US

Many states in the US have already made attempts to stop adolescents from using e-cigarettes. At least a dozen US states have raised the minimum age to 21 for buying tobacco products. E-cigarettes are legal in Nebraska for consumers above 18, but legislations aim to raise it to 19 years.
Dr. Sharon Levy, who is a paediatrician as well as the head of the program for substance use and addiction of adolescents at the Children's Hospital of Boston, stated that most adolescents don’t know how hazardous vaping can be.
The scientist stated that nicotine was included in e-cigarettes. But the difference lies in how nicotine is delivered. According to Levy, it is possible to consume a higher dose faster. When vaping, the teenagers are mainly taking nicotine, but the devices could also be filled with marijuana.
Juul, a popular brand among the youth, can be used to consume high doses of nicotine. Levy stated it was also problematic because it is not yet known how nicotine in e-cigarettes could affect an adolescent's brain in the long term.

Five True Facts about Vaping

Many smokers around the world want to give up their vice. Latest surveys have shown that 7 out of 10 smokers want to stop their unhealthy and unpleasant habit. Usually, they really want to do this for health reasons, because smoking can increase the risk of heart disease and cancer and can damage all organs in the body. Nearly a third of heart failure deaths are due to smoking or passive smoking.
In addition, smoking is costly and has numerous cosmetic disadvantages, such as an unpleasant odour, the accumulation of cigarette butts in ashtrays, and the discoloration of teeth, curtains and wallpaper, in addition to the ongoing social ostracism. 
There are now electronic cigarettes that can facilitate the transition to a smoke-free life. But is the consumption of e-cigarettes really the ideal solution at the end? Is vaping and the inhalation of heated liquid chemicals better than the use of classic tobacco products? The Director of Clinical Research at the Johns Hopkins Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Heart Disease, Michael Blaha, recently stated that:


Truth #1: Vaping is less damaging than smoking traditional cigarettes

Nicotine derived from tobacco is heated in the e-cigarette. Flavours and other chemicals that generate vapour are added and substances are inhaled during vaping.
A traditional tobacco cigarette contains around 7,000 chemicals, many of which are highly toxic. It is not yet known which chemicals are contained exactly in the vapour of the e-cigarette. Nevertheless, Blaha said there was no doubt that e-cigarette vapour contains less harmful chemicals than the classic tobacco cigarette.


Truth #2: Vaping is still harmful to your health

The main chemical in regular cigarettes and e-cigarettes is nicotine. This is a neurotoxin that can make you addicted. Those who ignore nicotine cravings can experience withdrawal symptoms. Nicotine is also toxic because it raises blood pressure and increases adrenaline levels. This results in an increased heart rate, which raises the risk of heart attack.
There are still many unknown factors, including the question of what the vapours contain and whether these substances have long-term health effects. Blaha said that people need to understand that e-cigarettes are potentially harmful to health.
 

Truth #3: E-cigarettes are just as addictive as classic tobacco cigarettes 

Electronic cigarettes and classic tobacco cigarettes both contain nicotine. According to up-to-date research, the neurotoxin can be just as addictive as the illegal drugs cocaine or heroin. Blaha said that many e-cigarette consumers consume more nicotine than smoking a tobacco cigarette, either by buying liquids with higher nicotine levels or by increasing the tension to inhale more nicotine.


Truth #4: E-cigarettes are not the best way to quit smoking

Even though they are advertised as a smoking cessation aid, e-cigarettes have not been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for this purpose.
A recent study revealed that the majority of those who wanted to get rid of their addiction by using e-cigarettes, still continued to smoke both tobacco cigarettes and e-cigarettes.
 

Truth #5: A new generation is addicted to nicotine

E-cigarettes are far more popular than any other tobacco product. In 2015 the US Surgeon General reported that student e-cigarette consumption had increased 900%, and 40% of young e-cigarette consumers had most likely never tried conventional tobacco products.
Blaha pointed to three reasons why e-cigarettes are so attractive, especially to young people. Firstly, many adolescents believe that vaporising is far less damaging than smoking. Secondly, e-cigarettes are much cheaper than regular cigarettes. The third thing that makes vaping so attractive to young people is the variety of available flavours, such as apple pie, vanilla and watermelon.
Another reason for so many people switching to e-cigarettes is that there are no unpleasant odours. Without the smell, vaping reduces the negative stigma of smoking.
Blaha added that he was especially troubled by the fact that even people who have never smoked use e-cigarettes. This is especially noticeable in adolescent groups.
It's one thing to switch from smoking to vaping to fight addiction, Blaha said. However, it is something completely different if the first time someone consumes nicotine is via vaping. Among other issues, this could lead to future consumption of traditional tobacco issues which might not have been started without the vaping factor.

Vaping is Less Harmful than Smoking

Vaping, defined as the consumption of e-cigarettes, is becoming more and more popular around the world. A recent study by Respiratory Research found that vaping, whether flavours are added or not, is less harmful to the lungs than traditional tobacco cigarettes.
When it comes to comparing vaping to smoking, it is necessary to understand the function of the evaporator. E-cigarette devices run on battery power, heating liquid that releases nicotine. The use of e-cigarettes, or "vaping", is gaining ever greater popularity, especially among younger customers. But even long-term smokers see the chance to drop their vice by using an electronic cigarette. Furthermore, vaping is attractive to many people due to the many flavours and tastes such as fruits, chocolate, caramel, etc.
Even former smokers are switching to e-cigarettes in large numbers, as it’s touted as a safer and healthier alternative to smoking. Currently, numerous studies are being conducted on vaping, but the possible long-term health effects are unknown.
 

Possible Health Consequences of Vaping

The chemicals contained in e-cigarette vapour enter the lungs and, according to recent studies, affect the airway and lung function. However, these studies show that e-cigarette vapour contains fewer toxic chemicals compared to the smoke of traditional tobacco cigarettes.
It should not go unmentioned that e-cigarettes can have a negative impact on cell viability, depending on the dosage and flavours added to the liquids. This aspect and its effects have received less attention in the investigations so far and it has not been taken into consideration whether fruit flavours or other flavours have been added to the liquid.
 

A New Form of Study

Pulmonary surfactant can be defined as a mixture of proteins and lipids which line the lung alveolar region. The surfactant layer’s overall function is to lower the alveolar fluid’s surface tension, thus reducing the breathing function and preventing the collapse of the alveolar fluid.
Surfactant is crucial for the function of the lung. Premature babies born without a surfactant experience shortness of breath and must be treated with an exogenous surfactant. Furthermore, the pulmonary surfactant comes into contact with all particles during inhalation, including those from the vapour of an e-cigarette.
The research aimed to understand if the vapour of e-cigarettes influences the ability of the surfactant to minimise the tension on the surface.
The study used a surfactant model of the surfactant extract from calf lungs: Infasurf, which is also used in the medicinal treatment of preterm babies. In the test series, Infasurf was used to compress the surfactant. Thus, the lung function could be imitated, and the surface tension measured.
It was then observed how the surfactant changes when exposed to clean air, the vapour of e-cigarettes with different flavours and the smoke of conventional tobacco cigarettes. Using different flavours was crucial as a change in aroma could alter the chemical makeup of the e-cigarette vapour.
 

Vapour of E-cigarettes and Crucial Lung Function

The study showed that the vapour of e-cigarettes, regardless of the flavour, has no effect on the surfactant's ability to reduce the tension of the surface. In contrast, the ability of the surfactant to lower the surface tension in a significant way is inhibited by traditional cigarettes.
Thus, e-cigarette vapour does not affect the surfactant’s function because the e-cigarette ceases to vaporise but does not burn. However, minor changes in the surfactant may appear following e-cigarette exposure. It can also lead to shifts in the surface tension when a higher dosage of vapour is supplied.
 

E-cigarettes are Not as Harmful as Traditional Tobacco

E-cigarette vapour does not alter the ability of the surfactant to lower surface tension but does affect its microstructure. However, while e-cigarettes don’t affect the surfactant as much as conventional cigarettes, the observed absence of changes in the surfactant function after consumption of electronic cigarettes should not be perceived as non-existent toxicity to the lungs. It is not yet known if e-cigarettes could affect production or secretion of cell surfactant.
Numerous studies are still needed to assess the effects of vaping on the production, secretion and function of surfactants and to understand the pulmonary toxicity of electronic cigarettes.
Nevertheless, these initial studies and tests show that the e-cigarette is considerably less harmful than classic tobacco cigarettes. This gives new hope to millions of smokers to take their first steps into a healthier life with the e-cigarette.

Do You Want to Say Goodbye to Smoking? Consider Vaping

A large number of tobacco cigarette consumers have quit smoking with help from e-cigarettes. To date, medical doctors have to been able to recommend this strategy because there was no evidence from clinical studies. However, recent research certifies that e-cigarettes are really an effective method to help long-time smokers to let go of their addiction.
In the study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, nearly 900 people who smoked and wanted to quit were split into two random groups. The first group received NRT (nicotine replacement therapy), which is mostly a combination of nicotine patches with drugs of shorter effect such as nicotine gum, inhalers or mouth sprays. The second group received an e-cigarette with a refilling function and one or two bottles of liquid to learn how to handle the device.
The participants in the e-cigarette group were motivated to buy more liquids with flavours and the nicotine strength of their choice. During the first month of the study, the two groups also received help and support.
Making the switch can be difficult, especially for long-term smokers. They often feel bad for quite some time and suffer from withdrawals. They are often irritable and have a bad mood. It is noticeable that the group using e-cigarettes noticed less of these specific symptoms compared to the group receiving the nicotine replacement therapy. They also said that e-cigarettes helped them and satisfied them. On the other hand, the participants found that e-cigarettes and NRT were not as satisfying as classic cigarettes.
The vaper could benefit from the advantages of the e-cigarette. At the end of this one-year study, the group that consumed e-cigarettes was nearly twice as abstinent as those using the NRT.
 

A Huge Difference

At the time the study began, participants in both groups used their substitutes almost daily. In the course of the study period, however, a big divergence became obvious. Around 40% of smokers who were assigned to the e-cigarette group still vaped after one year, whereas only 4% of the control group continued to use their replacement product with NRT treatment. In the e-cigarette group, the number of people who did not smoke for one year was 80%. Only 4% of NRT participants managed to stay smoke free for a year.
In both groups, there were also smokers who were not able to stop completely. But after all, there were participants in both groups who could reduce their tobacco use by at least 50%. However, their share was higher in the e-cigarette group (13%) compared to the NRT group (7%).
Could vaping have a negative impact on health when practiced over a long period of time? This question still needs to be answered. Scientists assume that the risk of vaporisation compared to smoking amounts to approximately 5%. In a study that ran for two years, no impact on health was found.
Many heavy smokers have succeeded in quitting their vice by vaping. Even former smokers who have been able to stop using NRT can reduce the risk of relapse by using e-cigarettes. The longer use of the e-cigarette also ensures that withdrawal symptoms are mitigated. So, the person affected is less irritated and does not gain so much weight.
Another aspect to consider is that some smokers actually like to smoke, and vaping can help them to continue experiencing this pleasure.
Of course, ex-smokers continue to consume the neurotoxin nicotine when they switch to e-cigarettes. However, nicotine does not have the biggest negative health effects. The most serious damage is caused by the chemicals released by the combustion of the tobacco. It appears that nicotine replacement products such as nicotine gums, nicotine sprays and nicotine patches have little or no long-term adverse health effects, but smoking can cause premature death in about half of smokers in their middle ages.
In order to obtain more accurate results and to assess the long-term effects of vaping on health, it is necessary to continue to observe the study’s participants. With the data on the long-term vapers, it is then possible to determine the consequences and the recidivism rate more accurately. Until then, doctors can advise their patients that there is evidence that vaping can help with smoking cessation.

Switching from Smoking to Vaping

A recent study from the United Kingdom found that smokers who switched from tobacco to electronic cigarettes relapsed less frequently.
On New Year's Eve, the last day of the year, people think-up all kinds of resolutions for the coming year— doing more sports, going on a diet, working less, etc,. Quitting smoking is one of the most popular and that can only be a good thing, as smoking is one of the leading causes of death in the world. The truth is, tobacco is one of the few substances that can be purchased legally and at the same time is incredibly dangerous. After all, one in two people die as a result of smoking.
The health aspect is of course important, but there are many more reasons why many people want to quit smoking. These include the high costs of cigarettes, the unpleasant odour and the fact that smoking is now frowned upon. Even among young people, cigarettes are now considered "uncool".
There are several ways to quit smoking. Some opt to go the difficult route and quit cold turkey. Others need some help in the form of medicines or other aids such as nicotine patches, chewing gum and inhalers.
 

Quit Smoking Using E-Cigarettes

There is another alternative way to quit smoking: switching to e-cigarettes. However, experts still can’t agree on whether the vapour is harmful and on how harmful it is. Studies that highlight possible long-term consequences are still ongoing. The lack of education is also the reason why only a few people have decided to switch from smoking to vaping.
There is extensive research on the consequences of smoking, but this is not the case with regards to vaping, because the electronic cigarette has only been on the market for a decade. In fact, it’s not possible to research people who have been consuming e-cigarettes for a long time and have never smoked tobacco before.
Public Health England, the UK public health agency, reports that the e-cigarette is about 95% less harmful than the classic tobacco cigarette.
However, Professor John Newton, Director of Health Improvement at Public Health England, says that while this published estimation is the best one available, it is not based on accurate scientific estimations.
Some of the dangerous ingredients found in tobacco cigarettes, such as carbon monoxide and tar, are not found in e-cigarettes. There can still be some dangerous substances though, such as several heavy metals. Missing regulations also makes research more difficult, as the inequality between vaping brands can affect research results.
 

Many Knowledge Gaps Still Need to Be Overcome

Approximately 2.9 million people in the UK regularly consume e-cigarettes. This figure emerged from a recent parliamentary report. In 2016, according to the Tobacco Control Plan, a programme of the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs aimed at reducing smoking in the United Kingdom, estimations show that more than 470,000 people used e-cigarettes to quit smoking.
The report does not say, however, how many individuals who use e-cigarettes as a smoking cessation aid have attained that target. There are no studies regarding the effects on smaller veins and arteries. These are big gaps in knowledge.
Newton says he's in the process of conducting a study at Sheffield Hallam University examining the benefits and risks of using e-cigarettes for smoking cessation. Scientists focus on cardiovascular health and examine the effects on small veins and arteries.
Funded by Heart Research UK, participants of that study can have their progress overseen and checked over a six-month period. The participants are divided into three different groups: one with participants using e-cigarettes and nicotine liquids, another using nicotine-free e-cigarettes and a third group with a nicotine replacement therapy, which is supported by Sheffield's smoking cessation services.
The identical smoking cessation behavioural support, which all participants will receive, is based on the smoking cessation support framework. The condition is that the participants are ready and willing to stop smoking.
 

Final Goodbye to Tobacco Cigarettes

The research team measured the levels of cholesterol and dependence on nicotine in the participants. Preliminary results suggest that individuals whose random assignment to the e-cigarette groups are likely to refrain from smoking and to succeed in their attempt to quit smoking for good.
To be on the safe side, the participants are ultimately divided into those who have been successful and those who are not. It also checks why the latter group failed to complete with success.
Hopefully, new results will help to establish new guidelines for the use of electronic cigarettes in smoking cessation. It is also important that smokers get the opportunity to educate themselves better in order to make the best choice for them.

Smokers Switching to Vaping Save £350 a Year

A recent UK study found that smokers switching to e-cigarettes can save nearly £350 a year compared to the consumption of tobacco cigarettes.
The opportunity to save money is one of the main reasons people switch from smoking to vaping, according to the study. But the participants of the study noted even more benefits.
Former smokers also praised the greatly improved odour of the liquids. Furthermore, they noted that the annoying smoker's cough disappears.
The survey was conducted on 1,790 Britons who were either still smoking or had already made the switch to vaping. In addition to the financial aspect, which was key for many of the participants, they also noted improvements to dental health, and three out of ten respondents said they had fewer breathing problems.
43% of the respondents said they felt less stressed after switching to vaping. Two thirds of the former smokers also said they would never smoke again.
 

Number of Vapers in the UK Is Increasing

There are now more than three million vapers in the United Kingdom, with a rising trend. For these people, the switch was life-changing, as noted by Dr. Christian Jessen after reviewing the results of the survey commissioned by the UK Vaping Industry Association (UKVIA). However, the study revealed another surprising result: 40% of smokers have never tried vaping.
The fact that many people who switched to vaping saved money proves that the switch to e-cigarettes can be quite beneficial. With this money put aside, many of these former smokers were able to afford a vacation. This becomes even clearer when you consider that respondents smoked an average of 5,216 cigarettes a year before switching.
Asked if vapers could recommend switching to e-cigarettes for those who want to quit smoking, 80% answered positively.
As the results of the study show, there are numerous reasons for switching from smoking to vaping. The huge savings should also be a motivation for smokers in Germany, which could make the decision easier.
On the other hand, there is still a lack of long-term studies that highlight any effects of vaping on health. In addition, the e-cigarette is still not regulated, which means that in many places vaping is equal to smoking. This brings up a conflict, because people who want to free themselves from their vice and have discovered the e-cigarette as a substitute come back into contact with their addiction. However, this should be avoided if possible.
Furthermore, the vaper is so exposed to the unpleasant effects of smoking, so they have to inhale the smoke and endure the unpleasant odour of the tobacco cigarette. At this point, new regulations are needed to allow the vaper to understand their role in society.
 

E-Cigarettes Provide Numerous Benefits

In summary, it can be said that switching to e-cigarettes only has advantages, including the financial benefits and the pleasant odour. Liquids are available in all sorts of flavours, including fruit, caramel, chocolate and more. Another advantage is that the amount of nicotine can be adjusted individually and reduced over time. There are also former smokers who only smoke liquids without nicotine, gradually easing themselves away from their addiction.
As far as costs are concerned, vapers can mix their liquids themselves. The required accessories are available in numerous specialist shops and online shops. Experienced vapers have not only saved money, but also found an interesting new hobby for themselves. Meanwhile, there are even vaper communities on the Internet, where fans of e-cigarettes can discuss and exchange their views.
Consumers also report other cosmetic benefits of vaping. No unpleasant odour sticks to clothing, wallpaper and curtains anymore, and even the yellowish surface is a thing of the past. Full ashtrays or scorched sofa cushions are also banished from the home.

Columbia Bans Vaping in Bars and Restaurants

In Colombia it is now forbidden to vape in bars and restaurants. Infringements will be punished with fines of up to $500.
Following discussions and negotiations lasting several months, the City Council of Colombia has adopted a comprehensive update of the No Smoking Regulation. The consumption of electronic cigarettes is now prohibited in places like restaurants and bars, just like the consumption of classic tobacco cigarettes.
The new ruling was adopted unanimously on 7 May 2019, following debates on tightening the ban on smoking since the beginning of the year. The last law on the no-smoking policy was adopted in 2006.
The consumption of e-cigarettes—such as well-known devices sold by Juul— has increased drastically over the last few years with young people in particular becoming quite fond of them.
 

Smoking and Vaping Prohibited in Public Areas

The newly adopted regulation provides a definition of smoking as "the inhalation, exhalation, the burning or carrying a heated or burning cigarette, cigar, pipe, water pipe or other burning or heated tobacco or any other plant product or any liquid or substances in all forms, which is intended to be inhaled.” The ban also includes the use of an electronic device that generates vapour or aerosol. Vaping and smoking are banned from places of work and prohibited in all municipal facilities.
The Free Times newspaper told city council Duvall that the newly adopted law applies to all public areas of the city. For example, vaping is not permitted during public events outdoor. This applies, for example, to the Hip-Hop Family Day concert, which takes place every year, as well as the famous Soda City Market.
The politician suggested that there were already unwritten rules in place, with many not smoking around certain areas and in certain towns. This is true for Soda City. Smoking was not forbidden there in the past, but over time it had become a habit not to smoke there. Now, by law, it is not possible to smoke or vape anymore.
The new ban on smoking also applies to the hotels of the city. While smoking was previously permitted in 25% of rooms, it is now prohibited in every single room.
Duval commented that his first proposal in this regard listed 10% of hotel capacity where smoking was allowed. Now the hotel sector has decided to ban smoking altogether. This illustrates how the public sentiment has evolved over the last 15 years.
This new law also includes a fine for violation. Previously, the penalty fee was $25. Now they have established a system that includes a three-tier penalty. The fine for an initial violation is $100, while the second will be sanctioned with a fine of US $200. The third offence will lead to a penalty payment of $500.


Increase in the Consumption of E-Cigarettes in Adolescents

The consumption of nicotine-containing liquids by using e-cigarettes has become increasingly popular, especially among teenagers. The SC Department of Health and Environmental Control's South Carolina Youth Tobacco Survey 2017 states that the proportion of adolescents consuming e-cigarettes exceeds those who smoked classic tobacco cigarettes. For the very first time vaping has surpassed the consumption of tobacco cigarettes within this demographic.
Duvall said that, in particular, the municipal authorities tightened the smoking ban within the city because the number of adolescent consumers of e-cigarettes increased noticeably.
He stated further that the use of e-cigarettes and evaporators had become a massive addiction among adolescents. He also said that it’s time to act considering the growing number of high school students starting to vape.


E-Cigarettes: Companies with Big Influences

This year, e-cigarettes and vaping have become a hot topic around the Midlands region. It’s not just about the prohibitions and restrictions the city enacted—it has become a problem for the economy as well.
As The Post and Courier wrote, Juul is seriously thinking about opening a production site in the Midlands in close proximity to the Columbia Metropolitan Airport. According to government officials, the company may be able to create more than 800 jobs. Activists of the anti-smoking movement are concerned about the possible impact that Juul could exert.

Vaping vs. Smoking

You have no doubt already heard about the phenomenon that is the e-cigarette. If you want to switch to vaping for smoking cessation, this could be the method for you. With that in mind, let’s take a closer look at a few factors.
 

Facts about Vaping

The electronic cigarette is still quite a new technology. E-cigarettes have been available in shops and online for around ten years. There are still many people who know very little about it though. In the following text, there will be explanations and comparisons of some of the aspects of smoking and vaping. This will provide a better understanding of the differences and similarities between conventional and electronic cigarettes.
Because of missing statistics and research on the topic, in the beginning many questions went unanswered. Nevertheless, a lot has changed over the last couple of years. Numerous renowned researchers have published their studies on this topic to highlight the various theories that circulate around vaping.
Vaping is still quite a new thing and many studies are still ongoing. Therefore, vaping is often classified in the same category as classic tobacco cigarettes. Over time, these ongoing studies will finalise and vapers will be able to enjoy a greater amount of freedom than smokers.
When comparing vaping and smoking, there are a few aspects which need to be considered and these are what we will discuss below.
 

Vaping & Smoking: The Chemical Composition

Whether you’re filling your lungs with burned smoke or vapour, both can have serious consequences for your body. The effects of smoking on physical health are already known. As far as vaping is concerned, the studies are not yet complete. However, some health effects, both in vaping and smoking, have been identified by researchers.
 

The Chemicals Released During Smoking

When tobacco is combusted, thousands of substances are released. Over 20 of these substances are considered to be carcinogenic. These substances include polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, benzene, carbon monoxide, ammonia, hydrogen cyanide, formaldehyde, arsenic, lead and different nitrosamines. In addition, the tobacco also contains the narcotic nicotine. When people say they have a smoking addiction, they really mean they have an addiction to nicotine.
As already noted, the majority of the chemicals released during tobacco combustion can cause serious illnesses such as cancer, heart disease and lung disease.
 

Chemicals Released During Vaping

Nothing is burned during the vaping process, and this simple fact eliminates a lot of the chemical nasties mentioned above.
Trials on vapours have revealed that there is a substantial difference in the number of released carcinogens. The chemicals contained in e-cigarette vapour include propylene glycol, acetaldehyde, vegetable glycerine and different nitrosamines. In addition, the vapour also contains the narcotic nicotine.
All other chemicals are linked to the flavourings in some way. Many of these chemicals contain substances that are also present in foods and can therefore be classified as harmless. But what effect do these substances have when they are evaporated? There are no studies available on this issue, so science is still rather in the dark and the effects on long-term health are not yet known.
San Francisco's Center for Tobacco's Control Research and Education identified 9 chemicals in the vapour of e-cigarettes that can be found on the list of reproductive toxins and carcinogens. However, these substances are not contained within every liquid used for vaping. People also should know that this note is only intended to alert you to potential hazards and should not actively discourage the user from vaping. More studies are needed for further clarification.
 

Health & Safety

Comparing smoking and vaping, which is the safer option for the consumer?
 

Smoking & Safety

To limit the risks of smoking, numerous laws have been enacted to protect human health. The most common concerns were related to fires. Many people died from fires caused by cigarettes and many more suffered severe injuries. Stricter laws resulted in a decrease in incidents between 1980 and 2011.
 

Vaping & Safety

Regarding vaping, the risks are significantly lower. Nevertheless, incidents may occur, for example due to battery explosions in low quality equipment. This may happen either during use or when loading and transporting the evaporator.
In the meantime, equipment has been optimised and controls have been tightened to greatly reduce the risk of fire.
 

Vaping & Smoking: The Costs

Since the purchase of the evaporator is sometimes costly, vaping is often considered to be expensive. However, this is not entirely true. There are many statistics concerning the cost of a smoking habit.
An average smoker invests $3,120 in cigarettes annually. A vaper starter kit costs around $50. The liquids cost about $15 a week, making it a total of $720 per year. That means that steaming is far less expensive than smoking.
 

Smoking or Vaping?

The Public Health England published a report sponsored by the UK Department of Health which states that e-cigarettes are 95% safer than traditional tobacco cigarettes. According to the report, the use of e-cigarettes in place of conventional ones is a potential approach to smoking cessation.
Although the electronic cigarette is less well-known in the USA, switching to the e-cigarette can help smokers to quit smoking, according to the American Heart Association (AHA).
 

Vaping and the Law

Where the legal issues are concerned, there is an ongoing discussion between opponents and proponents. Smoking cigarettes and other tobacco products has been banned in public areas and buildings for a long time. As far as steaming is concerned, there are sometimes big differences. One should educate oneself on the legal situation of their respective countries to avoid falling foul of these laws.
Comparing vaping and smoking, there are several points to consider. What is not yet clear are the long-term health consequences associated with vaping. This is a matter that only future research can solve.

Are E-Cigarettes Really a Safe Alternative to Tobacco Cigarettes?

The first e-cigarettes appeared on the market around 15 years ago. The technology was invented in China in 2004 and then commercialised around the world. Electronic cigarettes were supposed to finally offer smokers a safe alternative so that they could fight their addiction in a relatively simple way. Over the years, the devices have become more and more popular, and by 2016, around 3.2% of adults in the US were already using electronic cigarettes on a regular basis.
However, unfortunately it is not only adults who have embraced the new technology. The devices have also become very popular with minors. Between 2011 and 2015, the popularity of e-cigarettes among young people in the US increased by an incredible 900 percent. Electronic cigarettes are now even more popular among young people than traditional tobacco cigarettes.
This development raises some important questions: the first is obviously whether e-cigarettes are actually safer than tobacco cigarettes. The second is whether or not the millions of young people who currently use e-cigarettes regularly would smoke normal cigarettes instead.

 

How e-cigarettes work

E-cigarettes are electronic devices that heat a liquid (the so-called e-liquid) to produce vapour that the user inhales. Most liquids contain nicotine, but there are also variants without a nicotine content.
Since e-cigarettes, unlike conventional tobacco cigarettes, do not burn any substances, the devices are widely regarded as safer. The majority of the toxins from normal cigarettes are released by burning the tobacco along with the paper and inhaling the smoke.
 


Components of e-cigarettes

Most e-cigarettes consist of 4 components: A battery, a tank for the liquid, a vaporiser and a mouthpiece. The user fills the tank with liquid and then triggers the vaporiser at the touch of a button while inhaling the vapour through the mouthpiece.

 

Advantages of e-cigarettes

The biggest advantage of e-cigarettes is obviously that they offer smokers a relatively healthy alternative to tobacco cigarettes, while still satisfying the need for nicotine. This is why e-cigarettes are recommended by many health professionals and institutions as an aid to smokers who want to stop smoking.
For example, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States concluded that e-cigarettes can provide a beneficial alternative for smokers, provided that they are not pregnant and replace smoking completely with electronic cigarettes.
The technology can also be beneficial for minors who would otherwise have started smoking normal cigarettes. As rates of young smokers have been falling sharply for years, this seems to be the case.
 

Dangers of e-cigarettes

As encouraging as the above-mentioned benefits may be, unfortunately e-cigarettes also harbour some dangers. The devices are safer than normal cigarettes, but not completely harmless for human health. Inhaling the liquid vapour can cause damage to the lungs. In addition, the user may accidentally swallow the liquid, which can also be dangerous for the health of the user.
Another problem with e-cigarettes is that most users use liquids with nicotine content. Since nicotine is a highly addictive substance, many health experts see a danger in trivialising the use of the devices. Pregnant women and minors in particular should therefore refrain from using e-cigarettes, as they are the most vulnerable to the effects of nicotine use.

 

Conclusion

There is no doubt that the e-cigarette is a positive technology. Considering the millions of former smokers who now regularly use electronic cigarettes instead of smoking normal cigarettes, it becomes clear that the devices will save countless lives in the long run.
At the same time, however, the technology should not be trivialised, since the use of e-cigarettes also brings with it some dangers. Minors and pregnant women in particular should therefore refrain from using e-cigarettes altogether. Similarly, people who do not yet smoke normal cigarettes should not use the electronic alternative.  
The most sensible conclusion on the subject of e-cigarettes is therefore that electronic cigarettes are a great alternative for smokers to fight their addiction in a relatively easy way and to experience hardly any withdrawal symptoms. As long as people completely refrain from smoking normal cigarettes, they can greatly increase their chances of a healthier life.
Those who do not smoke should not start using electronic cigarettes, as they can also be harmful to health.

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